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Title Report on the fourth joint research seminar by the RIHE and the CSHE
Visiting Place(s) ------- 
Visiting Date(s) April 7-8, 2014 
Overview Summary Report by Prof. Futao Huang  
Update 11 Apr 2014
Name HUANG, Futao
Affiliation RIHE
Title Professor
E-mail futao@hiroshima-u.ac.jp

The fourth joint research seminar, which was co-organized by the Research Institute for Higher Education (RIHE) of Hiroshima University, Japan and the Centre for the Study of Higher Education (CSHE), University of Melbourne, Australia, as well as co-sponsored by the Japan Society of Higher Education, was held on April 7-8, 2014 in the RIHE, Hiroshima University. Like previous three joint research seminars, this two day seminar is designed to address specific content areas relevant to higher education, entitled "Academic Workforce and Internationalization of Higher Education in Australia and Japan". On behalf of the CSHE, Professor Richard James, Pro Vice-Chancellor and CSHE Director, Professor Hamish Coates, and Associate Professor Sophie Arkoudis participated in the seminar. On the Japanese side, Professor Shinichi Yamamoto, former director of RIHE and professor from Obirin University, Senior Assistant Professor Min Li from Shinshu University, faculty members and doctoral students from the RIHE made seven reports. Besides, several participants from the UK and other Japanese universities also attended the seminar.

The joint research seminar began with two opening remarks which were made by Director James and Director Maruyama from the RIHE. Among the eleven reports, Professor Yamamoto's talk is about "Academic Research in the Global Settings: To know others or to be known by others?" Based on earlier research, he introduced different types of researchers in Japan and emphasized the importance of producing new researchers, including higher education researchers, who are able to be responsive to changing society and Japanese higher education reforms. Professor Coates described a general portrait of the future of the academic profession in Australia by presenting seven types of academics at an ideal level in the background of the massification of higher education and a growing differentiation of academic work and duties in Australia. Professor Watanabe and Associate Professor Murasawa from the RIHE reported the self-image and missions of universities from an empirical analysis of Japanese university executives. Their concluding remarks include: the recent government policy to internationalize domestic universities has not shown much progress in the view of university executives in Japan and individual perceptions with regard to the mission and functional roles are influenced by managerial rank and the field of academic training. Based on the assumption that university teaching is not fully professionalized and that improvement is possible in the ways in which academics are trained, recruited, supported and managed, Professor James' report proposed a national framework of possibilities for 'professionalizing', and thus improving, the quality of teachers and teaching in Australian higher education. Dr. Li made an analysis of how Chinese students decided to go to Japan for a further study based on the Push and Pull theory. By examining changing strategies on dispatching Chinese students abroad in China and national policies on attracting international students by Japanese government, as well as major factors that have affected the incoming Chinese students to Japanese universities, she claimed that it is more important for the Japanese government to develop a long-term strategy for accepting international students rather than to pursue a short-term effect. Professor Daizen from the RIHE presented an actual situation and issues of training global human resources in the undergraduate education in Japan based on the analysis of the data from a national survey in 2014. One of his research findings is that one of effective strategies that individual faculties at an undergraduate level can take to be successful in producing global human resources is to recruit students who are appropriate to be involved in relevant educational activities in this regard. Associate Professor Arkoudis concentrated her report on internationalization of higher education at home. She illustrated a number of typical patterns of internationalizing university curriculum and stressed the necessity of enriching students' international experience and expanding their international perspectives on campus. Professor Huang from the RIHE talked about the internationalization of Japan's academics across research and non-research universities. Based on the national survey in 2011, his report identified key characteristics of international activities at the levels of both individual academics and their belonging universities in relation to teaching and research aspects in particular. In addition to each individual report which was mentioned above, the three scholars from the CSHE jointly made a general report about current issues and debates in Australian higher education. They introduced the dynamics among the key participants, policy initiatives, institutional developments, and world-leading change in the Australian context. A special mention should be made that for the first time, two PhD students from the RIHE were also invited to make presentations. Ms. Nomura reported her recent research on objectives and challenges of international double and joint degree with a focus on the European context. Based on case studies and her fieldwork in several European countries, her presentation was mainly concerned with the definition of key concepts concerned, national and supranational frameworks on these programs, operation mechanisms, challenges and implications for Japan. Ms. Wu made a quantitative study of the internationalization of the academics and research productivity focused on the case study of China. Her study discussed several factors which affected academics' research productivity and striking differences in academics' research productivity between foreign degree holders and domestic degree holders in China. As a commentator, Associate Professor Sugimoto from Tohoku University pointed out key points of the all reports, issues to be dealt with in the seminar, challenges facing Japanese higher education research, and especially the importance of how to undertake higher education research in a changing context for individual higher education research and development centers in Japan.

Finally, the two sides discussed the future collaborative work together between the centers and agreed that not only is the joint research seminar should continue to be held, but also further academic exchange activities such as an exchange of PhD students and joint research projects should be conducted.

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